Indus River, Pakistan
public policy
1 / 8
in Chapter 3
3 Trials and Tribulations Within the Hydrosocial Cycle

In more contemporaneous times, there are very few if any instances of countries going to war strictly over water. More often than not, water has been a cause for dialogue and cooperation between countries. For example, the partitioning of India and Pakistan in 1947 could have easily devolved into unimaginable bloodshed over access to the Indus River basin. Instead, after more than a decade of negotiation arbitrated by the then newly created World Bank, the two countries signed the Indus Water Treaty of 1960, which stipulated that each would be given control of three rivers as well as equal packages of international financial support for the construction of bridges and dams(Researcher, 2008). Similarly, in the Middle East, Turkey came to an agreement with Syria and Iraq over access to Tigris and Euphrates rivers.