Barcelona, Spain
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in Chapter 3
3 Trials and Tribulations Within the Hydrosocial Cycle

In an act of desperation, officials took the extraordinary step of establishing a ‘water bridge’ of freight ships that delivered weekly water shipments from the nearby cities of Tarragona and Marseilles at a cost of € 30 million per payload(Keeley, 2008). After specially modifying the port so the ships could pump their precious cargo directly into the city’s water mains, the first ship to arrive was the Sichem Defender from Tarragona with 19 million litres of water, just enough to sustain the city for a total of 32 minutes. The following week the Contester Defender, from Marseille, arrived with 40 million litres34.